UK TIER 1: POST STUDY WORK VISA
In 2012 the government put an end to Tier 1 post-study work visas. This was aggravated by a general annoyance with migrants abusing student visas as a way of extending their stay in the UK and entering the labour market.
In order to attain a Tier 4 (General) Student visa, prospective students must currently satisfy an extensive list of private and course obligations. Applicants must have been proposed a place on a program and show sufficient funds to back themselves.
They are also limited from working more that 20 hours per week. The span of time they are permissible to remain in the UK after graduation is determined on the category and duration of the course of study.
If graduates desire to work in the UK they must assure a separate visa that will allow them to do so. The kind of visa that graduates may apply for is reliant on whether they can assure employment with an employer who is capable to support them as a sponsor.
For a General Tier 2 work visa a candidates’ employer must sponsor their application. This signifies that the graduate must by this time have acquired a job offer and in most cases must also be on a salary of at least £20,800 per year or what is mentioned in the appropriate Home Office soc code, whichever is higher. The suitable salary obligation would be a test for any fresh graduate.
These obstacles frequently prevent international graduates from applying to seek jobs in the UK, though new approvals yearn to modify this.
There are worries that limitations on post student visas are harming the UK’s position as the second largest country for international students after the US.
In a Guardian article published earlier this year, Lord Bilimoria emphasised the significance of international students to the UK economy . He claimed that “these bright, talented and qualified students” add to our economic sector, tech start-ups, high value trade and art industries, and it is these businesses that keep the UK punching above its weight in global economics and revolution.
In light of this, the All Party Parliamentary Group for International Students Inquiry Report has crafted diverse proposals to the Government. In summary, it advises:
The government should prepare an international student employment target and eliminate students from net migration statistics. This signifies that student visas would not be limited by immigration targets set out by the government;
The government should propose post-study work visas that are unobstructed by job type or salary. They suggest a visa that would be legal for two years work experience after graduation;
- The Government should pursue an exclusive deal with the EU that allows unrestricted movement of students and researchers;
- The Immigration Rules should be expanded to inspire students at numerous levels;
- The endorsement and safety of small professionals vocational and further education providers;
- An evaluation of the interview procedure for student migration to safeguard that it does not restrain diversity;
- Safeguard local courses and institutions and inspire work experience schemes and industry commitment;
- The government should embrace education as part of their trade policy and should precisely track education data.
These endorsements are in line with worries voiced by universities and scientists who dread a ‘brain drain’ effect after the UK officially exits the EU.
Whether the government is eager to apply these proposals in the light of the imminent end of free movement to the UK persists to be seen.